Tiny Mining


Alloy steels are carbon steels with other additives such as nickel, chromium, vanadium, tungsten and manganese. These are stronger and tougher than carbon steels and have a huge variety of applications including bridges, electricity pylons, bicycle chains, cutting tools and rifle barrels.
Iron catalysts are used in the Haber process for producing ammonia, and in the Fischer–Tropsch process for converting syngas (hydrogen and carbon monoxide) into liquid fuels.
Europeans developed iron smelting from bog iron during the Pre-Roman Iron Age of the 5th/4th–1st centuries BCE.

Toxicology and location

Iron is an essential element for all forms of life and is non-toxic.
The average human contains about 4 grams of iron. A lot of this is in haemoglobin, in the blood. Haemoglobin carries oxygen from our lungs to the cells, where it is needed for tissue respiration.

Insufficiency / Mining Side Effects

A lack of iron will cause anaemia to develop. Symptoms can include: tiredness and lack of energy, shortness of breath, noticeable heartbeats (heart palpitations), pale skin.

Private mining applications

Ceremonial iron rings.
Replenishment of bog iron.

Industrial scale mining

Steel production.